Porcupine Quills. The end of each quill has a small barb (like a fish hook) that snags the flesh, keeping the quill stuck in the enemy’s skin. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. Crested Porcupines are nocturnal animals, meaning that they spend the day in their dens and forage for food at night. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. However; porcupines are not related to pigs, they are actually rodents. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. The Crested porcupines are monogamous animals, forming long-lasting pairs. Their quills have bacteria, which is extremely dangerous for other animals, and can be fatal once getting into their blood. Except for the Crested and the North American, all other species are from sub-tropical or tropical climate. 8. The tips of the quills on the tail are narrow and hollow. African Crested Porcupines can run faster than a human and are adept swimmers. PicFacts. Crested porcupines are nocturnal and dig burrows or inhabit caves. If continually bothered, the crested porcupine will stamp its feet, whirr the quills, and charge the disturber back end first trying to stab the enemy with the t… It has four toes on it front feet and five toes on its back feet. Welcome to the sixth great mass extinction! The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest. Photomicrograph of T. gondii cyst in brain of an African crested porcupine. Quills of newborn porcupines are soft, starting to harden just a few hours after birth. They have roundish heads, small eyes and ears and a blunt, stubby muzzle. The largest porcupine is the crested porcupine, found in North Africa, which grows up to 36 inches long. It … – Source. The Old World porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the order Rodentia. The substantial incisors of Indian porcupine never stop growing, so that the animal has to … 12 to 18 kg. The specific name, cristatus, comes from Latin and means provided with a comb, relating to its crest of quills. They mate in November-December. When threatened or aggressive, crested porcupines stamp their feet, growl and grunt. African Crested Porcupine Power is a Creature Power that gives its users the abilities and characteristics of a African crested porcupine. It has one incisor tooth, one premolar tooth, and three molars. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. They are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but can be found as far away as northern Africa and Italy. Populations in both Europe and Africa attract hunters for their meat, which is a delicacy in some countries of North and West Africa. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives and breeds in underground burrows in monogamy. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. African crested porcupine infected with toxoplasmosis. Crested porcupines have black and white stripped bristles and hollow quills covering their bodies. The largest porcupine is the North African crested porcupine. Despite a mistaken belief that porcupines shoot their quills, these animals, in fact, spread their quills, backing into the opponent and opening them upon contact. Porcupines can somewhat talk and love to eat pumpkins. Their tails are covered with shorter white quills, while their neck, shoulders and rears are covered with a crest of long quills up to 5-20 in (15-50 cm). When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. During the first 2 - 3 weeks, they feed upon maternal milk, until they include solid food in their diet. These sturdy, sharp quills, which are about 14 inches long and marked with alternating light and dark … In order to wear down their teeth, these rodents chew hard objects such as bones, collecting them in their burrows. In addition, they can use carrion on occasion. Crested porcupines weigh 10-30 kilograms or 22-66 pounds. The gestation period of the African crested porcupine is about 112 days. The word porcupine means ‘quill pig’ in Latin. As opposed North American porcupines, quills of these animals aren't barbed. 9. African Crested Porcupines are the largest species of porcupines in the world and heaviest of all African rodents. Porcupine or hedgehog? The crested porcupine’s common name refers to the quills along the head, nape, and back that can be raised into a crest, in addition to sturdier quills about 35 centimeters, or 14 inches, long along the sides and back half of the body generally used for defensive purposes. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. These quills protect the porcupine against predators. The long-tailed porcupine of the Old World is 27.9-48 cm long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg. Weight. The African crested porcupine lives in hilly, rocky habitats in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. They are nocturnal and monogamous. If you encounter a porcupine in the wild or in your neighborhood, don't worry. Unlike the 'New World' porcupines, this porcupine is a ground-dwelling and burrowing animal. Least … If your pet gets stuck by a quill, remove it ASAP. The lifespan of wild Indian crested porcupines is unknown, but the oldest known captive individual was a female that lived to be 27.1 years old. The African Crested Porcupine, also known as a crested porcupine, is one of the world’s largest rodents. They gnaw on the bones to sharpen their incisor teeth and to obtain calcium at the same time. Class: Mammalia (mammals) Order: Rodentia (rodents) Family: Hystricidae (old world porcupines) Genus: Hystrix (crested porcupines) Species: Hystrix indica (Indian crested porcupine) Life Span: 22 – 26 years (zoo) Size: 2.6 – 3.2 feet (0.8 – 1 m) Weight: 24 – 40 pounds (11 – 18 kg) Tail Length: The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. The crested porcupine’s skull morphology is characteristic in several ways. Its eyes and ears are small, and its nostrils are large. Note the moderate perivascular infiltrates by predominantly lymphocytes and plasma cells, as well as the central malacic area of gray matter with extensive glial cell and mixed mononuclear leucocyte infiltration. They are covered with flat, bristly hairs and have quills and spines on the back and flanks. Much larger than our cute, little Dormouse which we saw yesterday. The world's largest porcupine, this rodent exhibits black and white quills along its head. 9. The African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata), also known as the crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae, found in Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. These large rodents are the perfect example of a diverse species. The largest porcupine is the crested porcupine, found in North Africa, which grows up to 36 inches long. They’re covered in sharp spikes that make it very difficult for predators to hunt them. In rural areas, they may eat cultivated crops, such as groundnuts, potatoes, pumpkins and melons. Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine species. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. Crested porcupine - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia 10. Family Hystricidae. Meanwhile, these rodents are social animals, forming small family units of an adult pair and their offspring. Crested Porcupine Wikipedia article -, 2. African Crested Porcupine. The crested porcupine is part of the family Hystricidae. The Indian crested porcupine has multiple layers of spines. north and west Africa). The end of each quill has a small barb (like a fish hook) that snags the flesh, keeping the quill stuck in the enemy's skin. Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. Globally this species is very widespread, although it is a favoured food item for humans in many parts of its range, and there should be some investigation into harvest levels in these areas (e.g. Gestation period lasts for 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 well-developed babies. It grows up to 36 inches (90 centimeters) long. Appearance Female porcupines are about one kilogram heavier than males, weighing 10-24 kg and males with a mass of 10-19 kg. The African porcupine is the largest rodent in the regions they inhabit. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. The largest porcupines are found in Africa and Asia. A Crested Porcupine is around 30-60 pounds (13-27 KG) and 2-3 feet (60-83 CM). Baby porcupines … Depending on species porcupines weigh 2.5 to 77 lbs. Key Facts & Information Physical Features Each quill is brown and black in color, with alternating bands of white. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List. They can gather thousands of bones in a single burrow. Information Name. The collective noun for a mother porcupine and her young is a ‘prickle’. They can live in a wide variety of environments, including mountains, deserts and forests. Cape porcupines are also known to gnaw on bones for calcium as well as in order to sharpen their incisors. The crested porcupine is the size of a small raccoon, but it has the ability to make itself look much larger. They weigh 12 to 35 pounds. The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. This rodent has rather long quills of up to 16 inches. This porcupine has quills that can be as long as 18 inches (45 cm). On their back, these rodents possess long and formidable quills, which are an important mean of self-defense. The smallest, the Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine, grows up to 15 inches (38 cm) long. A Crested Porcupine is around 30-60 pounds (13-27 KG) and 2-3 feet (60-83 CM). They are Old World porcupines and thus live in family groups consisting of a monogamous pair and multiple generations of their offspring. Their long incisors never stop growing, and they gnaw on branches and tree trunks to file their teeth. These herbivorous (lignivorous) rodents mainly consume bark, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits and cultivated crops, complementing their diet with insects and small vertebrates. Old World porcupines are terrestrial and strictly nocturnal, and have longer quills. The largest rodent in Africa. Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg. Porcupines gnaw bone to get minerals, like salt and calcium, and to sharpen their powerful incisors. The crested porcupine’s common name refers to the quills along the head, nape, and back that can be raised into a crest, in addition to sturdier quills about 35 centimeters, or 14 inches, long along the sides and back half of the body generally used for defensive purposes. Due to the well-developed sense of hearing, these animals are able to hear fruit drop from a tree up to several yards away. Length. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. New World porcupines are found in forests in America. The Crested Porcupine have been known to kill lions, leopards, hyenas, and even humans because of their painful quills. When the animal is threatened, the quills stand up in an elaborate crest, or mane, along its back. This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). The Crested porcupines are monogamous animals, forming long-lasting pairs. When the animal is threatened, the quills stand up in an elaborate crest, or mane, along its back. Some quills, like those of Africa’s crested porcupine, are nearly a foot long. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. A porcupine’s body bristles with large, stiff, sharp-tipped hairs called spines or quills. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. The North African crested porcupine are herbivores. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). They eat roots and bulbs, and regularly raid farmers crops. This porcupine has quills that can be as long as 18 inches (45 cm). – Source. The African porcupine also known as the crested porcupine is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. IUCN SSC Small Mammal Specialist Group. If this action doesn't work, it will stamp its feet, vibrate its quills, attacking the opponent back first in order to stab the rival with thicker and shorter quills on its back end. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a rodent that most people recognize. Porcupines live all over the world. New World porcupines are found in forests in America. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a rodent that most people recognize. The mascot of the Libertarian Party is the porcupine. Fun Facts for Kids The word 'porcupine' is a combination of Latin words “porcus” (pig) and “spina” (thorn). The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). When threatened the porcupine will raise its quills and rattles the hollow spines on its tail. Sexual maturity is reached before getting the adult weight, within 1 - 2 years old. Although clumsy on land, they are agile in water, being exceptionally good swimmers. African crested porcupines eat tubers, bark, bulbs, fallen fruit and cultivated root crops. Interesting Facts: • Like other rodents, they have a single pair of sharp, continually growing incisor teeth that they use to gnaw and rip... • Cape porcupines are a terrestrial species of porcupine, otherwise known as “Old World” porcupines. Figure 2. Gestation period lasts for 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 well-developed babies. Porcupines are 2 to 3 feet long in their head and body. The quills of New World porcupines are much smaller (about 4 inches or 10 centimeters long) but work just as well. The collective noun for a mother porcupine and her young is a ‘prickle’. The African crested porcupine lives in hilly, rocky habitats in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. Due to consuming cultivated crops and gnawing on plantation trees, these rodents are persecuted and poisoned with bait by farmers as a pest species. Within the first week of their lives, young porcupines begin to venture from the den, by which time their spines start hardening. When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. 8. The spines on … The spines are thicker in diameter and longer in length than the quills. Crested porcupine Crested porcupine in captivity Conservation status. Porcupine or hedgehog? The amazingly strong front feet allow the animal excavate substantial burrows. The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. It eats bark, roots, fruits, berries and insects. The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. Cape Porcupine Facts. The crested porcupine is one of the largest rodents. Discovering ancient high-altitude human settlements, Stonehenge: The mystery of the Amesbury Archer, An ancient murder mystery: The Stonehenge Archer, Facts about the African crested porcupine, Facts about the black-handed spider monkey, The increasing threat to wild Chinese giant salamanders, The mystery of how flowering plants evolved, African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author: Drew Avery, African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author Drew Avery. Porcupine quills are a favorite ornament and good-luck charm in Africa. Both the male and female African Porcupines weigh from 18 to 30 kg and are about two feet long. African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. They are nocturnal and forage alone at night, traveling up to 9 miles in their search for food. From the stocky Cape porcupine in South Africa (and across central and southern Africa), to the North American porcupine known as the New World porcupine.. During the … 10. Interesting Facts. The porcupine does not shoot its quills at predators; rather, it sheds them on impact so that they become imbedded in an attacker. The Crested Porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. HE stain; bar 5 200 mm. The average head and body length of the crested porcupine is 60-93 centimeters (24-37 inches), with a tail length of 8-17 centimeters (3-7 inches). A little look into the wonderful blue sky! It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. As long as you don't approach it or touch it, it will leave you alone. Their tails can be another 8 to 10 inches long. Porcupine predators include: wolverines, coyotes, martens, bears, cougars, eagles, owls, fishers, and humans. A porcupine's prickly coat of quills is its first line of defence. The largest porcupines are found in Africa and Asia. African crested porcupines (Hystrix cristata) are about the size of a cocker spaniel, and armed with an impressive set of long, barbed quills, up to 30 centimetres long. They are known as Old World porcupines, and they live on the ground. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. Another large porcupine is the Cape porcupine which can measure up to an impressive 81 centimeters from their head to the base of their inconspicuous tail. In fact, in parts of Asia they are so numerous as … A porcupine’s body bristles with large, stiff, sharp-tipped hairs called spines or quills. The length of quills varies by type. These families live in complex burrow systems, where they spend their winter months without hibernating. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p . The quills of New World porcupines are much smaller (about 4 inches or 10 centimeters long) but work just as well. Though they forage alone, they live in small family groups made up of an adult pair and their young, both infants and juveniles. African crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines found in Africa. (1.2 to 35 kilograms), and their tails can grow up to 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm). When the Crested porcupine is threatened, these quills vibrate, producing a hiss-like sound. It can grow up to 90 centimeters long and weigh up to 30 kilograms. Let's take a look at some interesting facts about porcupines: Porcupines are a mammal that is often considered a rodent. More About African Crested Porcupines. It made its first and only appearance in the season 1 episode "Quillber's Birthday Present." They are known as Old World porcupines, and they live on the ground. The most likely victim of a porcupine quill to the nose is your pet. Facts about Indian Crested Porcupine. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author: Drew Avery. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. Crested porcupines will also use scent marking, from glands near the anus, to mark out territories and feeding sites. Baby porcupines are called ‘porcupettes’. As nocturnal animals, the Crested porcupines spend their daytime hours in dens, coming out to forage by night. The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. The smallest is the Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine. As nocturnal animals, porcupines use their long whiskers to help them feel around in the dark when foraging. So they need to be housed from 70 – 85 degrees Fahrenheit. The largest porcupine, the North African crested porcupine, grows up to 36 inches (90 centimetres). The Indian porcupine is an ‘Old World’ porcupine and one of the world's largest porcupines. In Morocco, these animals are believed to have a pharmaceutical value, being killed and sold in large numbers to be used in traditional ‘medicines’ and witchcraft. According to IUCN, The Crested porcupine is generally common and widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. In the zoo, crested porcupines may be fed yams, apples and spinach. There are black and white quills on the neck and back. See the fact file below for more information on the porcupine or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Porcupine worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. Fun Facts They are nocturnal and active during the night and are fairly social; sometimes traveling in two’s or three’s. They include the large crested porcupines, some of which can grow more than 2 … The North African crested porcupine is the largest. They are mostly nocturnal and travel long distances to search of food. They are well-developed and are born with open eyes. Beneath the longer, thinner spines lies a layer of shorter and thicker ones. Generally you don’t want to mess with porcupines but you definitely don’t want to mess with the Indian Crested Porcupine. THE THREAT: Indian crested porcupines, like their American counterparts, are common, and not in danger as a species. Porcupine | Pixabay Image. These quills protect the porcupine against predators. They mate in November-December. Between one and four young are born in the grass-lined burrow. A porcupine's prickly coat of quills is its first line of defence. These rodents inhabit forests, rocky and mountainous areas, croplands and sandhill deserts of Italy, Sicily and the Mediterranean coast of Africa up to northern Zaire and Tanzania. Within the first week of their lives, young porcupines begin to venture from the den, by which time their spines start hardening. Crested porcupine - Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758 Images from the web. This porcupine is the heaviest and largest rodent found in Africa. They are solitary foragers, taking long trips of up to 15 km each night. It is best recognized by its quills. They are herbivores, primarily eating roots, tubers, bark and fallen fruit, and will seek out cultivated root crops like potatoes and carrots, making them agricultural pests. The tail is covered with shorter spines that appear white in color. They are herbivores, primarily eating roots, tubers, bark and fallen fruit, and will seek out cultivated root crops like potatoes and carrots, making them agricultural pests. 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